Eczema (contact dermatitis)

Causes of eczema

Eczema is inflammation of the outermost layer of the skin, the epidermis, and it is also called dermatitis. Itching is one of the clinical features. The lesions it presents are diverse changes: there are redness, swelling, accompanied by papules, or water, if the water is broken, the affected area becomes moist, and after a few, it becomes scabs, crumbs, and later Pigmentation and other changes. If you often scratch or peel the skin, the skin becomes rough and the epidermis thickens. If the focus is mainly watery, it is called acute eczema, and it is mainly thickened (lichenification), called chronic dermatitis. The importance of eczema is that the number of people with eczema in skin diseases is the highest, and it is the most common skin disease. And so many patients with eczema are mainly caused by skin contact with certain substances, which is called contact dermatitis.

Eczema treatment

In addition to symptomatic application, dermatologists need to do further skin tests in order to find out the allergen causing the disease. Many patients with eczema will not go to a dermatologist. Delays in correct diagnosis and proper treatment of the cause of the disease cause waste of money, medical care and time, and affect the quality of life.

Eczema prevention is better than everything

Find out the allergen causing the disease and avoid continued skin contact. The patch test is to stick some suspicious substances on the patient’s normal skin area for 48 hours, and observe whether there will be any abnormal reactions such as redness and swelling on the skin area. In order to be cautious, a second observation will be made in two days. The patch test is a bit time-consuming, but it is effective and safe.

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