Acne may be viewed as a nuisance or rite of passage, but having bad acne can contribute to depression, anxiety and low self-esteem. If you are feeling bad about yourself because of acne, come in and seek consultation with our dermatologist. There are very effective treatments for acne today and there is no need to suffer in silence.
What is Acne?
Acne is the term for plugged pores (blackheads and whiteheads), pimples (papules and pustules), and even deeper lumps (cysts or nodules) that occur on the face, neck, chest, back, shoulders and even the upper arms. Acne affects most teenagers to some extent. However, the disease is not restricted to any age group; adults in their 20s – even into their 40s – can get acne.
What Causes Acne?
Acne blemishes are caused by three things:
Too much oil (sebum) is present in certain skin pores.
Blocked pores from skin cells (called epithelial cells) that behave abnormally, or cosmetic products or creams which block the pores
Bacteria (propionibacterium acnes) love to hang out in the excess sebum that accumulates under the blocked pores. This causes redness (inflammation) and pus formation.
What aggravates Acne?
Acne is multifactorial, meaning many things can work together to cause acne flare-ups or bad acne. Examples are hormones (particularly male hormones, stress hormones, polycystic ovary syndrome), cosmetics (moisturisers, foundations, petrolatum), high humidity and family history of severe acne.
What about diet and Acne?
It used to be taught that food did not cause acne. However, in recent years, there has been renewed interest in the association between food and acne. There is some evidence that high glycemic index diets (i.e. high in carbo, sugar and fat, and low in fibre) may exacerbate acne. Many serves of dairy products per day also appears to be weakly associated with acne.
Acne Treatment Available:
- Skin care products
- Prescription creams
- Prescription tablets (e.g. Antibiotics, RoacutaneTM or isotretinoin)
- Physical procedures: Chemical Peels, Microdermabrasion, PPX Acne Pore-Cleansing Treatment etc