Our dermatologist treats patients of all ages and a wide variety of medical conditions affecting the skin, hair and nails, including psoriasis, eczema, acne, rosacea, warts, rashes, allergies, skin growths, sun damage and skin cancers. Our dermatologist will usually need to examine you in person and take a medical history before coming to a diagnosis and formulating, with you, a suitable treatment plan.

The following are examples of common medical conditions seen here:

Viral Warts

Warts are tumours or growths of the skin caused by a virus. They can occur on any part of the body and have a rough surface on which tiny, black dots can often be seen. Warts are common and harmless. However, warts on the soles may become painful on pressure or walking as they grow larger and deeper into the skin. Warts may also bleed if injured and are potentially contagious. They can spread from one part of the body to another, or to other people. Therefore it is important not to scratch the warts. Sometimes, warts may disappear by themselves, especially in children. What cause Viral Warts? Viral Warts are caused by a viral infection (human papilloma virus) present in the outermost layer of the skin. Treatment There is no perfect treatment for warts, since we are unable to kill the wart virus except by destroying the skin cells […]

Skin Cancers

Skin cancer refers to the abnormal, uncontrolled growth of skin cells. One in five people will develop skin cancer in their lifetime, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. Although the risk is lower in Asians, skin cancers still do occur. Risk factors include pale skin, family history of melanoma, past history of multiple dysplastic nevi, being over 40 years old, history of repeated sun burn, and regular sun exposure. Fortunately, skin cancer is almost always curable if detected and treated early. Which are the risk factors for skin cancers? Risk factors include: pale skin family history of melanoma past history of multiple dysplastic nevi age above 40 years history of repeated sun burn or regular sun exposure large congenital nevus Which are the common skin cancers? 1 Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) – 80-85% of all skin cancers. Basal cell carcinoma affects cells in the lowest layer of the epidermis […]

Urticaria

Urticaria, also known as “hives”, are red, itchy, swollen areas of the skin that can range in size and appear anywhere on the body. It is a common condition that can affect any person of any race at any age in any season of the year. Hives are classified as acute or chronic depending on the length of the episode. Most common are acute cases of hives, where the cause is identifiable – often a viral infection, drug, or specific food. These hives usually go away spontaneously. Sometimes, no cause can be detected. Some people have chronic hives that occur almost daily for months to years. For these individuals, various circumstances or events, such as scratching, pressure or “nerves,” may aggravate their hives. What cause Urticuria? There are a few factors that cause urticuria. In adults, reactions to medicines are a common cause of acute hives. Medications known to cause […]

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a common skin disorder worldwide. It is estimated that about 0.1% to 3% of people around the world suffer from psoriasis. Psoriasis affects all races, sexes, children, men and women. Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin condition characterized by red, scaly patches of skin. There are several clinical types of psoriasis: Plaque psoriasis (the most common type): raised, thickened patches of red skin covered with silvery-white scales; commonly seen on the scalp, knees and lower back Pustular psoriasis: small pus-filled blisters with surrounding redness and swelling of the skin; May be localized to the palms or soles. Erythrodermic psoriasis: Generalised red, swollen, scaly skin– often a preventable complication of untreated or improperly treated psoriasis. Guttate psoriasis: small, drop-like, scaly lesions over the body, seen commonly in children and young adults Flexural psoriasis: smooth red lesions in the folds of the skin, commonly seen in groins, armpits and under the […]

Nail Problems

Nail Problems affect people of all ages. Common causes of nail problems include trauma, infection and various skin diseases, such as eczema and psoriasis. Diet is generally not responsible for abnormal nail changes, unless the person is suffering from severe malnutrition. Some of the more common conditions that affect nails include: Treatment Any abnormal changes to your nails should be medically investigated. See your doctor for treatment or possible referral to a dermatologist. If the cause of your nail problem is not immediately apparent, nail clippings and scrapings from beneath the nail may be taken for laboratory analysis. Fingernail infections usually respond faster to treatment than toenail infections. Depending on the cause, treatment options may include:

Moles

Moles can be round, oval, flat, or raised. They can occur singly or in clusters on any part of the body. Most moles are brown, but colors can range from pinkish flesh tones to yellow, dark blue, or black. They may be present at birth, but most appear later. Certain types of moles are more likely to develop into skin cancer: If you have a large congenital melanocytic naevus, there is a one in 20 risk that it may become cancerous. Smaller congenital naevi are less likely to develop cancerous change. Dysplastic naevi are more likely to progress into a malignant melanoma (a type of cancer). An easy way to remember these changes and what to do if you notice any of them is to use the ABCDE method. A – Asymmetry B – Border C – Colour D – Diameter E – E stands for EVOLVING; a mole or […]

Keloids

What is a Keloids? Keloids are raised overgrowths of scar tissue that occur at the site of a skin injury and grow beyond the area of initial injury. They occur where trauma, surgery, blisters, vaccinations, acne or body piercing have injured the skin. It usually has a smooth top and a pink or red-brown color. Keloids are irregularly shaped and tend to enlarge progressively. Unlike scars, keloids do not subside over time. Treatment There is no single treatment for keloids, and most treatments do not give completely satisfactory results. Two or more treatments may be combined. If you decide to pursue treatment for a keloid scar, you will have the best results if you start treatment soon after the keloid appears. A relatively new approach is to combine laser therapy with steroid injections.

Hair Loss

Hair loss can affect both men and women. In men, the common hormonal pattern of hair loss occurs with gradual thinning of hair over the crown and recession of frontal hairline (M-shaped), which can progress to baldness at the crown. Women are usually affected less severely. They often notice a widening of their hair-parting line, loss of density at the crown, or diffuse thinning all over the head. What cause it? There are several factors that can cause excessive hair loss, such as stress, hormone imbalance, post-pregnancy, scalp fungal infection, certain oral drugs, etc. Autoimmune hair loss (alopecia areata) can cause patchy hair loss or rapid loss of most or all of the hair on the head or elsewhere. Hair loss may also occur as part of an underlying systemic disease, such as lupus, thyroid disease or iron deficiency anaemia. Since hair loss may be an early sign of a […]

Fungal Infections

Fungal Infections is most commonly caused by a type of fungus called a dermophyte that infects the top layer of the skin, hair or nails. Dermatophyte infection of the skin is known as ringworm (tinea). There are many types of ringworm, including: body ringworm (tinea corporis) jock itch (tinea cruris) athlete’s foot (tinea pedis) scalp ringworm (tinea capitis) nail ringworm (tinea unguium) and beard ringworm (tinea barbae), which is rare. Yeast, another type of fungus, can also cause fungal infections in the form of white spots or brown spots known as tinea versicolor, or redness and itching in the area around the vagina, in the groin and under the breasts, particularly in people with diabetes. What causes Fungal Infections? Fungal Infections such as ringworm are caused by types of fungi that like warm, moist areas of the skin, such as between the toes or fingers, in the groin, and on […]

Eczema

Between 10 and 20 percent of people worldwide develop atopic Eczema (also known as atopic dermatitis), making it the most common type of Eczema. For an estimated 65 percent‚ atopic dermatitis begins during their first year of life, and 90 percent have the condition before age 5. While rare, atopic dermatitis can first appear at puberty or later. What is Eczema? Eczema is a disorder which results in dry, itchy, inflamed skin. There are many types of eczema and they usually have the same symptoms of intense itch, a recurring rash, scaly areas of skin, or rough and leathery patches. If you, or your child, are bothered by any of these symptoms, it is likely to be eczema, of which atopic dermatitis is the most often type. Other types include seborrhoeic eczema (a common cause of “dandruff”), irritant contact dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis. What causes Eczema? Eczema tends to […]